# AMC数学竞赛真题2016年B 20

2018-12-04 重点归纳

AMC10数学竞赛是美国高中数学竞赛中的一项，是针对高中一年级及初中三年级学生的数学测试，该竞赛开始于2000年，分A赛和B赛，于每年的2月初和2月中举行，学生可任选参加一项即可。不管是对高校申请还是今后在数学领域的发展都极其有利！那么接下来跟随小编来看一下AMC10数学竞赛真题以及官方解答吧：

## Problem 20

A dilation of the plane—that is, a size transformation with a positive scale factor—sends the circle of radius $2$ centered at $A(2,2)$ to the circle of radius $3$ centered at $A’(5,6)$. What distance does the origin $O(0,0)$, move under this transformation? $\textbf{(A)}\ 0\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \sqrt{13}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 5$

## Solution 1: Algebraic

The center of dilation must lie on the line $A A'$, which can be expressed $y = \dfrac{4x}{3} - \dfrac{2}{3}$. Also, the ratio of dilation must be equal to $\dfrac{3}{2}$, which is the ratio of the radii of the circles. Thus, we are looking for a point $(x,y)$ such that $\dfrac{3}{2} \left( 2 - x \right) = 5 - x$ (for the $x$-coordinates), and $\dfrac{3}{2} \left( 2 - y \right) = 6 - y$. Solving these, we get $x = -4$ and $y = - 6$. This means that any point $(a,b)$ on the plane will dilate to the point $\left( \dfrac{3}{2} (a + 4) - 4, \dfrac{3}{2} (b + 6) - 6 \right)$, which means that the point $(0,0)$ dilates to $\left( 6 - 4, 9 - 6 \right) = (2,3)$. Thus, the origin moves $\sqrt{2^2 + 3^2} = \boxed{\sqrt{13}}$ units.

## Solution 2: Geometric $AMC10数学竞赛真题$

Using analytic geometry, we find that the center of dilation is at $(-4,-6)$ and the coefficient/factor is $1.5$. Then, we see that the origin is $2\sqrt{13}$ from the center, and will be $1.5 \times 2\sqrt{13} = 3\sqrt{13}$ from it afterwards.

Thus, it will move $3\sqrt{13} - 2\sqrt{13} = \boxed{\sqrt{13}}$.

## Solution 3: Logic and Geometry

Using the ratios of radii of the circles, $\frac{3}{2}$, we find that the scale factor is $1.5$. If the origin had not moved, this indicates that the center of the circle would be $(3,3)$, simply because of $(2 \cdot 1.5, 2 \cdot 1.5)$. Since the center has moved from $(3,3)$ to $(5,6)$, we apply the distance formula and get: $\sqrt{(6-3)^2 + (5-3)^2} = \sqrt{13}$ ## 你可能感兴趣

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